At least 46 passengers were killed and 150 injured when suspected Maoists blasted railway tracks in West Midnapore district of West Bengal on Friday (May 28) derailing 13 coaches of a Bombay (Mumbai) bound express train five of which were hit by a goods train.On April 27, radical left Maoists blew up a railway track at Puturia between Midnapore and Bhadutala railway stations near Midnapore town in West Midnapore District of West Bengal. On March 22,Maoists blew up a portion of the railway track between Midnapore and Godapiasal stations in West Midnapore District affecting the railway services of the South Eastern Railway (SER) during their (Maoist)two day shutdown.On December 30, New Delhi-Puri Purushottam Express train had averted a major accident as Maoists removed the connectors between two railway tracks on a 400 metre stretch near Gidni station in West Bengal .On December 30,The supporters of the Maoist backed Peoples Committee against police atrocities (PCPA) assembled on the railway tracks in the Kharagpur-Adra division of South -Eastern Railway.For this reason the train services disrupted for hours.They are demanding the withdrawal of paramilitary forces..Lalgarh and surrounding areas became free zones for Maoists.
Maoists in India generally use gelatine sticks and other explosives, detonators.They also use rocket launchers AK47s,INSAS,SLRs.They frequently use mprovised Explosive Devices (IEDs) to attack security forces.Maoists have the access of large number of country-made weapons regularly supplied by illegal arms dealers.Maoists run around 80 training camps in deep jungles all over India.They also use high-tech communication equipments.
Bastar and Dantewada are the most affected districts of Chhattisgarh.Other districts that are affected by Maoists are Jashpur,kanker,Rajnangaon ,Surguja and Kawardha.In Andhra Pradesh(AP)the most affected districts affected by Maoists extremism are Karimnagar,Warangal,Nalgonda.Other states of India that are affected by Maoists insurgency are Bihar,Jharkhand,Orissa. On September 21,2004, three left-wing Extremist groups to form a new outfit,the Communist party of India-Maoist(CPI-Maoist).After the merger, CPI-Maoist’s area of operation extended from Nepal, Bihar,Jharkhand to forest regions of Central India.Maoists also active in Andhra Pradesh in the South and West Bengal(three distriicts)in East.According to Maoists,their immediate intention is to advance ‘new democratic revolution’ in India.Maoists want to overthrow’the semi-colonial, semi-feudal system under the neo-colonial form of indirect rule, exploitation and control’.According to Maoists this revolution will be carried out and completed through armed agrarian revolutionary war.
Naxal movement derived its name in Bengal from Naxalbari,tiny hamlet in Northern part of Bengal in March 1967.It became known as Naxalbari movement and spread across the state and continued for long six years.It finally crushed in 1973.This movement revived on July 9, 2005 when Marxist leaders and a policeman were killed in two separate attacks by ultra left extremists.After the incident scores of policemen and marxist leaders and innocent people were killed in landmine blasts by Maoists also called Naxals.Maoists spread their wings in tribal areas of West Bengal because dmocratically elected government failed to provide basic amenities.Government failed to provide basic amenities like water,electricity,road,heath centre.