Although other parts of the world and to other regions in India, it is Western India that we see such a profusion of what are known as cave temples.
Later, Mahayana Buddhism, Jainsim and Brahmanism were in turn inspired by the simple elegance of the early. Hinayana caves. But the term `cave’ is misleading, for these temples are skillfully scooped out and carved by hammer and chisel out of the solid cliffs and are masterpieces of rock-cut sculpture. They are believed to be India’s greatest contribution to the world of art, brilliant in conception and breathtakingly beautiful in design. Located on the ancient trade routes, they give an indication of the flow of commerce to from this region in ancient times.