When there is a growth of an abnormal mass of cells, or tissue, in the brain, it is referred to as a brain tumor. Brain tumors are generally classified as primary or secondary. A primary brain tumor is the type that develops in the brain itself and can either be malignant or benign. A secondary brain tumor, on the other hand, is the type that begins in another part of the body and spreads to the brain. Secondary brain tumors are more common than primary brain tumors.
Brain tumors that are benign usually grow more slowly, can be removed more easily, according to where they are located, and the probability of them recurring is lower compared to cancerous brain tumors. Also, non-cancerous tumors do not affect the surrounding tissues; however, their growth can result in pressure being applied to sensitive parts of the brain.
Cancerous brain tumors usually grow faster and destroy or invade the surrounding tissues of the brain. Nevertheless, unlike the cancers that grow in other parts of the body, primary cancerous brain tumors usually do not spread to the other parts of the body.
Although it can be a challenge to treat brain tumors, these days with better technology and advanced methods of treatment, physicians have been successfully treating several kinds of brain tumors.
What are the Indications of Brain Tumors?
The location, type, and size of the brain tumor are determining factors of its symptoms. The symptoms may occur due to the tumor damaging a certain part of the brain or pressing against a nerve. The tumor could also cause the build up of fluids in the cranium or lead to the swelling of the brain.
The following are some of the indications of a brain tumor:
- Headaches, which generally worsens in the morning.
- Changes in hearing, vision, or speech.
- Memory problems.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Changes in the ability to concentrate, personality, or mood.
- Problems in walking or balancing.
- Tingling or numbness in the limbs.
- Convulsions or seizures of muscles.
None of these indications are of course sure signs of the occurrence of a brain tumor, because they could be signs of other conditions too. Hence, if these symptoms should occur it is advisable to consult a doctor as fast as possible in order to get it diagnosed and get the problem treated.
Treatment Options for Brain Tumor
There are various types of treatment options for those affected with brain tumor, according to the stage and the type of the tumor, such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery. Sometimes, a combination of these treatments may be provided.
Usually, surgery is the treatment option that is chosen for most brain tumors. The surgical procedure that involves the opening of the skull is referred to as craniotomy, wherein general anesthesia is used. Plus, pain control treatment will be provided at all stages of the disease. Also, treatment will be provided for alleviating the side effects of the therapy as well as to mitigate emotional problems. These treatments are known as palliative care, supportive care, or symptom management. It is best to discuss with the doctor about which type of treatment to opt for and what the results will be.