There has been a rapid decline in death rate in India since 1921. it has almost approached the rate which obtains in the developed world. The causes of rapid decline in the death rate are as follows-
Improvement in medical facilities- There has been much improvement in medical facilities in India. Hospitals, primary health centers, doctors and other medical facilities have been extended by the state governments and private sector. With the advancement of medical science and technology many dreadful and chronics diseases such as cholera, plague, smallpox, typhoid, etc. No longer hold a threat. Antibiotics and other life- saving drugs have drastically reduced the number of deaths.
Improvement in health- Our economy has been developing fast since independence. People have become health conscious. They have begun to take nutritious and complete foods with the result that the death rate is no the decline.
Improvement in education and awareness- improvement in educational level, growing awareness and facilities for sanitation and cleanliness have also helped to reduce the incidence of mortality. Better maternity and post -natal care have brought down the infant mortality rate.
Late marriage- the age of marriage in our country has been raise due to the Child marriage Prevention Act and expansion of educational facilities. Young persons, both males and females.., prefer to educate themselves and make a career in order to have decent living rather than marry early. Girls marrying at a ripe age, give birth to fewer children. So the mortality rates of both mothers and children are on the decline.