Developing countries are certainly emitting larger amount of carbon dioxide than the developed countries. Though, what caused that? Industrialization inevitably causes that to happen.
China, before the international climate change meeting held in Bali, said that it is the responsibility for the rich countries in helping developing countries, such as Indonesia or China. Also, with the economic growth of China, people became capable in buying cars and all Chinese are in a car-buying frenzy. Indonesia insisted that US$6 billion is needed to save their forests. They need pecuniary assistance from developed countries. Kyoto Protocol, which was a suggestion made on fighting climate change by international countries, suggests a way called Clean Development Mechanism. The system works in this way: the countries can gain a thing called ‘carbon credits’ when they propose or manage to reduce carbon dioxide and could exchange it for money. Though Indonesia argued that direct funding is more helpful than the futile system (CDM). China argues also, that the limits and standards of Kyoto Protocol will deter their countries’ development and thus, harm the economic growth.
The helpless Indonesia now faces a predicament that their precious equatorial forests is deforesting. This factor is pushing Indonesia to become the third largest carbon dioxide emitter, just after China and the USA.
It requires the international countries to stop arguing which nation should take the largest responsibility in reduction the greenhouse gas, and this has to be done during the 12 days talk in Bali. Also, countries which technology is more developed should not hesitate in sharing their technology. It takes not only determination and perseveration, but also co-operation between countries.