The details of the project on refugee distribution inside Germany in 2017 have become available now. Like in 2016, the biggest number of the incomers is to be embraced by North Rhine-Westphalia (17.35%) while the smallest group of migrants will be hosted by Bremen (1.05%). According to the authoritative source in the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF), the formula known as ‘Königsteiner Schlüssel’ won’t be applied anymore to define the distribution percentage of migrants for each federal state in Germany.
Despite the statistics testifying to the shrinking inflow of refugees into Germany, if compared with the 2015 data, the settlement of them in the country is still a tough challenge. It’s been especially tense with the states hosting the biggest amount of the asylum seekers. In particular, these are North Rhine-Westphalia, Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg where the 2016 quotas were 21.21%, 15.53%, and 12.86% respectively. Next year, as the government plans, the situation will be changed drastically not only in these federal states, but across the country as a whole.
According to the BAMF source, the distribution of the acceptance quotas between the states won’t be guided by ‘Königsteiner Schlüssel’ since 2017, for this approach, worked out in 1949 for financing of the scientific and research organizations, is no more viable. The formula just doesn’t work. Three other factors will be employed instead: the density of population, the availability of vacant working positions, and dwelling on the land property market. Since eastern part of Germany has got far less population and, apart from that, experiences no shortage of the sufficient number of dwelling and job positions, the major refugee intake is to be replaced there.
As the diagram shows, the lands of eastern Germany are obliged to embrace much more refugees in 2017 than in 2016. Rather a great number of people in search of job, who also need the place to leave, as well as educational and childcare institutions, come into Germany. There’s really a lot of vacant residential space and other premises in eastern regions of Germany but they are mostly in extremely bad shape and can’t be engaged even to temporally accommodate refugees. On top of that eastern federal states have no sufficient funds to support incomers and they also can’t count on the assistance of the federal center authorities.
It also shouldn’t be missed on us that East Germany faces a grave criminal situation, which is proved by the relevant BAMF data. Logically, the crime rate will predictably skyrocket due to the incoming asylum seekers. So will the terrorist threat, for members of various terrorist organizations, ISIS including, often pose themselves as refugees.
Such measures to ensure distribution of refugees in the country are going to further aggravate social tensions in East Germany. Given the historically formed trend to put away for later or just forget about the problems of eastern federal states, it would be quite logically to forecast that things will only get worse for Ossi.
As for the work of the initial settlement centers for refugees, it is also to become subject to changes. In particular, since 2017 refugees won’t be allowed to freely move across the country and outside ‘the sorting camps’ bounds. They will be able to leave only after prior registration in the EASY system and permission for their staying in a certain federal state. Thus, the local authorities and security structures will get more tools to exercise tougher control over the refugee movements across the country.