This geoengineering procedure and its necessity may have it deployed by early next decade as things are going. There are fears scientists have for Ozone Layer Depletion, but as Geoengineering is proposed, fears will not but wane.
The past few years have been a period of surprises in weather deviations on planet earth; extreme cold, extreme heat, record blizzards, extending wildfires and more. These surprises are mostly local in the way they affect us, they are also troubling and makes many link their roots to global warming.
Ozone layer depletion has been a known environmental problem circa 1975 for its presence in the atmosphere over Antarctica and its ability to allow harmful ultraviolet radiations from the sun. Ozone layer depletion brought the world together to agree to fizzle out substances responsible for it in a treaty called the Montreal Protocol.
Depleted parts of the ozone layer is believed to be on its way to recovery as substances causing it are no longer in use and those Ì¶ of the substances, remaining in the ozone layer are expected to clear off around the middle of this century.
The ozone layer is located in the stratosphere, a layer in the earth’s upper atmosphere; it is preceded by the troposphere Ì¶ or the fly zone for most jetliners. The ozone layer predominantly contains ozone gas involved in a back-and-forth reaction in the presence of sunlight to screen harmful ultraviolet rays out.
Other gases involved in reactions that protects in the ozone layer are oxygen molecules and oxygen atoms. Since ozone in the stratosphere is in a gaseous state, it has physical and chemical properties that will make it react with other gases if they travel to that altitude.
This factor is responsible for destruction of useful ozone molecules by substances known as Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) when at the ozone layer. Studies and observations have also shown that these negative reactions that deplete ozone occur when the stratosphere is cold or colder than normal.
Arctic ozone depletion observed in 2011 was said to be caused by cold temperatures. This is due to polar vortex Ì¶ or a moving wind pattern over densely populated northern regions Ì¶ that changes Arctic atmospheric temperatures. A giant depletion or hole in the ozone layer over Arctic is likely this year for the same reason as that of 2011.
Chile is expected to have a thinned ozone layer over its atmosphere this summer as predicted from a recent study. Thinning ozone over countries and regions makes environmental agencies send messages to people for caution and to protect themselves, continued ozone depletion through this decade and beyond may require an option for a space-based solution: geoengineering.
Ozone Layer Geoengineering is a research work that submits a procedure to inject oxygen gas to the ozone layer using aircrafts. Injected oxygen will join in reactions that make ozone hence protecting planet earth from harmful ultra violet rays. Ozone Layer Geoengineering follows existing theories and technologies available for a successful methodology.