Global warming is threatening the world, primarily because of emissions from carbon-laden fossil fuels like petroleum, coal etc. In order to reduce emission of carbon-dioxide (popularly called Green House emissions), two-pronged strategy is needed. Firstly, reduce the use of fossil fuels and make the use of fossil fuels more efficiently. Secondly, produce and use more and more renewable energy.
As per an environmental group, Greenpeace India, India lacks in ambition to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and its target of saving 10000 MW through energy saving measures by 2012 is not also ambitious. It’s a weak target and India could save as much as 12000MW by mere introduction of compact fluorescent lamps in place of incandescent lamps.
India’s action plan on renewable energy, released by the centre on 31st July, has proposed production of 1000MW equivalent of photovoltaic cells per year to convert sun rays into electricity and to increase the share of renewable energy including wind power, in the power grid to 15% by 2020.
Greenpeace points out that, Indian action plan for expansion of renewable energy is an ambitious one, but it has not set either targets or mandatory mechanisms to enforce energy efficiency standards for any industry except automobiles.