Democratic governance has been defined as autonomous determination of the conditions of collective association’, being also connected with a collective self-determination by equal and free citizens, that should be able to choose freely the conditions of their own association’ and determine the form and direction of their polity’.It is also about a common structure of political action’, that should be neutral regarding the ‘relations and institutions which can be regarded as impartial or even-handed with respect to their personal ends, hopes and aspirations.’( according to David Held (1995): Democracy and the Global Order. From the Modern State to Cosmopolitan Governance, Oxford).
The possibility of a democratically governed global polity is considered to be incompatible with necessary conditions for democratic governance, or, on the other hand, with the necessary conditions for international structural change although the arguments regarding this ‘necessary conditions’ are not compelling. Global democracy represents a real challenge, without being impossible and very difficult to explain causally.
The requirements for global democracy are unclear, based on several relevant factors: the stateness component, the cultural homogeneity, a certain level of economic prosperity, and a certain level of economic equality.
The researchers have made some relevant comparisons: while the sphere of domestic politics, considered to represents the main space for democracy is part of the sphere of international politics, the sphere of domestic economy, developed in some aspects under public control and within the reach of democratic politics, is part of the sphere of the world economy. The result is considered as ambivalent and contested by regional and global
multilateral treaties and institutions such as the EU and NAFTA.The ‘globalization’concept involves various economic and neoliberal senses, that have been fetishised and mystified as an inevitable process in numberless times. Global polity is directly connected to three main factors, in order to become a concrete reality: citizen participation, government responsiveness, and patterns of public policy-making and their consequences. The terms are relative, as they can be considered from multilateral points, especially from the ‘inside’ and ‘outside’ references.
The contemporary crisis of democracy regards the borders between political and economic, and inside and outside of the space for democratic politics within liberal states.The practices and institutions of capitalist market society have been developed by sovereign states in the context of interstate diplomacy and law, being considered as the origin of the balance of power’, from the cosmopolitan perspective of a world revolution. The result was unclear as it created more questions than ever: was the idea of national self-determination just pen name?
The Global Wars and the major historical events have brought a new wave of incertitude regarding the form and direction of their polity. Democracy has not ever been existing as a reality of choice.
Because of the democratic possibilities and tendencies, the legitimization of a global rule is hard to be proved. Democracy is strongly connected to the global democracy, especially now, in a deep crisis. Without this necessary dependance, democracy has no value, as it must be based on an open-ended process of democratization.