In Nairobi, the capital of Kenya, both Kibaki and Odinga have put their signatures on a deal that has been brokered by former United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan with some assistance from United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. The deal will mean that the two of them would be sharing power.
Previous before Annan flew to Kenya, Ghana’s President John Kufuor representing the African Union (AU) attempted to mediate talks between both sides. But the talks had broken down prompting Annan to head to Kenya and mediate the talks between both sides.
At least 1,500 have died in the violence and many more have been displaced due to fleeing from the fighting. The United Nations (UN) called it one of the worst humanitarian disasters. This violence came when Odinga said he was robbed of the victory.
Odinga and his followers were accused by the government for inciting an ethnic cleansing throughout Kenya. Even the international observers had agreed that the elections had problems.
There was tribal warfare between pro-government and pro-opposition tribes. Kenya’s Olympic runners ended up using their skills of running to run for their lives. While the violence levels dropped in the last few weeks, there were fears that fresh violence would start if there was a failure to reach a new deal.
Under this deal, Kibaki will lead the coalition as Kenya’s president. ODM leader Odinga is most likely to take the newly created position of Kenya’s prime minister. In a sense, it is historical that Kenya will have its first prime minister.
Each party will also have a deputy prime minister.
Kibaki said after the signing: “This process has reminded us that as a nation there are more issues that unite than that divide us…
“We’ve been reminded we must do all in our power to safeguard the peace that is the foundation of our national unity… Kenya has room for all of us.”
Odinga responded by saying: “With the signing of this agreement, we have opened a new chapter in our country’s history – from the era of phase of confrontation to the beginning of co-operation.
“We, on our side, are completely committed to ensuring that this agreement will succeed.”
Both of then had given thanks to Kofi Annan, the UN, the United States, the European Union, and the African Union.
On a side note, Raila Odinga noted that he is cousins with US Democratic frontrunner Barack Obama.