The transition in the Mizo ills from a primitive to a fairly modern society occurred at an incredibly swift pace. At the dawn of the present century, the British administration put an end to inter-tribal wars and brought about peace in the Lushai hills. Missionary activity and the consolidation of administration ran concurrently.
The earliest missionaries reduced the Lushai dialect into writing and the translation of the Bible followed closely.Schools and dispensaries sprang up and within a few decades the entire population embraced Christianity. There are no practitioners of the traditional religion in Mizoram today.
A community accepting a new religion `en masse’ has few parallels in the tribal areas of North -East India. Excessive ritualism,frequent sacrifices and feasts to propitiate the spirits, and other costly and burdensome aspects of the traditional faith are supposed to have made it altogether vulnerable before a simpler and relatively ritual-free religion like Christianity. Excepting the Chakmas, who are mostly Buddhists,all inhabitants of Mizoram are Christians today.
No other part of the country can bast of so many primary schools, middle-schools and high schools in relation to the size of its population. And Mizoram has a literacy of over fifty percent, second only to that of Kerala.