Mitral valve replacement surgery is used to replace a diseased mitral heart valve with a natural or artificial valve. The valve is removed and replaced with an artificial prosthetic valve by sewing into the remaining tissue from the natural valve. Throughout the world, 95 per cent of all valve replacements are performed for mitral or aortic valves. The mitral valve is positioned on the hearts left side, between the left upper chamber i.e. Left atrium, and the left lower chamber i.e. Left ventricle. The aortic valve separates the left ventricle from the aorta which carries blood to the body. It is also observed that the mitral valve replacement surgery results into one feeling tired. It is also observed that one loses appetite and loses weight. There is difficulty in keeping the food down.
Some nutritional counseling for one undergone with a mitral valve replacement surgery in order to regain strength, to maintain proper weight and to remain healthy:
A major precaution one needs to take is to avoid certain foods which interacts with the drugs. In view of Digoxin use one should avoid taking Aloe Vera, and Siberian Ginseng supplements. In view of Digoxin and Warfarin use considered to be an anticlotting drug, one should avoid foods with high vitamin K content, as vitamin K helps blood clotting. Green vegetables are a rich source of vitamin K. These include spinach, lettuce, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, spring onion, turnip green and Brussels sprouts. Also one should avoid W3-rich foods such as alsi i.e. flaxseeds, walnuts and fish oil supplements. W3-rich foods contains fatty acids which are known to have a direct effect on the heart. Studies have shown that these reduce the resting heart rate and increase left ventricular filling capacity. However, these are essential to maintain a healthy heart and general well-being. W3-rich foods are the same as Omega-3, a type of polyunsaturated fatty acids, the other being W6 or Omega-6. One need to have Reishi mushroom and high doses of vitamin E supplements.
A major precaution one needs to take is to keep a check on ones salt intake. Avoid a salt shaker, reduce the consumption of papad, pickles, cheese and soda. Besides these, a healthy, low fat diet with calorie and protein-dense foods should help one regain strength and weight. One should include skimmed milk and skimmed milk products like curds, lassi, paneer, cheena, and pulses like dals, at both meals. If one is a non-vegetarian, one should have egg whites and lean meat such as fish and chicken. Soya can be used as soy flour, soymilk or soy chunks in vegetables. One can benefit from ma variety of fruits. One can have four to five almonds, or include a piece of til (sesame), peanut or mixed nut chikki after meals. Sources of proteins like nuts strengthens the body.