Kohat August 16:
On 64th Independence Day of Pakistan this year people of Pakistan were lucky enough to remain under a democratically elected government, which has completed its three years out of five years tenure. PPP lead coalition government has achieved a lot during past three years, the main threat of terrorism, which was about to engulf state of Pakistan, was emanated from its tribal areas and settled area of Swat mainly. Though extremist forces are also having strong roots in settled area of Punjab too, attack on GHQ was emanated from Punjab; most of Punjabi extremist militants are getting training from training camps in tribal areas of Pakistan.
PPP lead coalition government’s brave stance against extremist militants has caused three thousand causalities of men in Pakistan Army, but eventually valiance of Pak Army men have curbed the extremism up to larger extent. Muhtarima Benazir Bhuto, son of Mian Iftikhar Hussain information minister of KPK Pakistan and many other civilians were martyred during last five years by extremists.
We have a constitution created by Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and his party colleagues, which carries approval of all the major political parties leaders alive in year of 1973. During last sixty four years dictatorial forces with changed disguise were in constant conflict with people of Pakistan, and for larger period of time Pakistan was remain under dictatorial rule, in 1973 after the adoption of 1973 constitution people of Pakistan have established their rule lead by Pakistan People Party. After two general elections under democratically elected government of PPP Pakistan was again dominated by dictatorship of General Zia and then General Parvez Musharaf, in between the dictatorial rule of these two were brief periods of controlled democracy deprived of press
In brief after gaining independence on 14th of August 1947 conflict between people of Pakistan and dictatorial forces was started, popularity of ideas of the Hitler of Germany were transformed into Islamic color and most of the times the dictators have succeeded to exploit the Islamic sentiments of people of Pakistan to gain legitimacy for their dictatorial rule, General Zia was the one whom have exploited religious sentiments of the Muslim majority in Pakistan to establish his own rule. But soon people have realized that they are enslaved in the name of Islam by one man and his amended constitution.
In fact threat of extremism and dictatorial rule of extremists has been felt around the world after the Second World War, which was resulted in end of dictatorships in Germany and Italy. Communist dictators were another major threat after the Second World War, with the demise of Soviet Union after its military defeat in Afghanistan, with the nine eleven attack on New York world Trade Center and Pentagon, psychological victory was achieved by extremists when liberties of the people were curbed in USA and Great Britain to combat terrorism by their respective governments, but now gradually life is also returning to normal in these countries, though a major public outburst was witnessed in UK during past week, which was also the outcome of curbs and violations of fundamental rights of the people.
An efficient police system and intelligence network compatible with democratic freedoms of the people is best antidote of terrorist threat, curb on liberties of the people in developed democracies UK like public reaction can be the possible outcome.
Militarization of the world during cold war era had strengthened dictatorial forces and Pakistan is no exception to it, being most allied ally of USA during cold war era Pakistan was also heavily militarized, to become a truly democratic state Pakistan is in need of help from its Western allies, help from education to health and other welfare measures for the people of Pakistan can help improve the human rights situation here and can inculcate democracy in minds of people of Pakistan, mere slogans regarding welfare of the people are not enough to make it a true democracy, concrete measures in this respect are required to defeat extremism completely. Military victories are undermined by existing conducive conditions ripe for growth of extremism. Complete eradication of root causes of extremism will promote lasting peace; extension of political rights to the people of tribal areas through an ordinance promulgated by President Asif Ali Zardari is a great lead forward in this respect. More democratic measures will definitely create a situation in which people of Pakistan will be able to celebrate independence day without shadows of fear lurking all around them.
M.phil US Study (International Relation-History)
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