Paramilitaries vs. Narcos … the other war?
Weekly Millenium Magazine Num.- 723
Jorge Alejandro Medellin
From August 2010 the government of Felipe Calderón has refused time and again the existence of paramilitary groups operating in the country, working to fight and to exterminate members of drug cartels, groups like the self-styled "Matazetas".
But Senator Labour Party (PT) and former governor of Zacatecas, Ricardo Monreal, argues otherwise. He says that these "death squads" do exist and they operate by breaking all the laws with impunity, focused on making a "clean" of criminals in various parts of the country.
The presence of various paramilitary groups is not new. Has several years and is not exclusive of this administration, said in an interview with Weekly M Senator, who for more than three months resumed a federal-level research to document the phenomenon and the presence of paramilitary groups in states such as Sinaloa, Tamaulipas Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Zacatecas and Veracruz.
Contrary to the position of Senator, the specialist in national security, Manaut Raul Benitez, founder of the Collective Security Analysis for Democracy (Cased) and rapporteur for several years in the National Defense College (NDC) of the Department of Defense and Centro de Estudios Superiores Navales (CESNAV) of the Navy, said "it is irresponsible to qualify as paramilitary groups of assassins dedicated to eliminating other assassins."
There is no such phenomenon of paramilitary activity in Mexico, says, referring to the appearance of "Matazetas". "What we have is a very careful use of media and social networks by these criminal groups, making this a very studied media coverage, but then to say that we are dealing with the paramilitary phenomenon, there such. "
There are a lot of confusion around this, the paramilitary groups are those linked to the state and engaged in covert criminal activities because the laws of a country does not allow its existence. It’s what made the death squads in Guatemala, El Salvador or Colombia. The Matazetas not a paramilitary group, is a squadron of the Sinaloa cartel hitmen who are ordered to attack the Zetas, says Benitez Manaut, also a professor at the UNAM.
Using the word is decontextualized paramilitary paramilitary things. The really tricky is that these people did show a strategy and also knows how to use technology resources to make an impact without having to act all the time, he adds.
The execution of at least 35 people allegedly linked to the Zetas cartel took place last week in that state is further proof of the existence of paramilitary groups, Monreal said he continues his research in which direct reports has requested the secretariats National Defense (SEDENA), Marina-Armada de Mexico, the Attorney General’s Office (PGR), the Federal Police (PF) and the Center for Investigation and National Security (CISEN) to have a complete picture of this phenomenon.
On Tuesday September 27, Monreal handed Chancellor Patricia Espinosa a document that asks detailed and updated information to know how many mercenaries have entered Mexico in recent years, either individually or in groups, working to a security company.
"That is, at present, the phase we’re in the research because there are elements to indicate that former military people who have fought in other countries, have been here as instructors or training in office and want to know when and where "he explains.
As for the Mexican armed forces, the legislator said that the dropout phenomenon of soldiers and sailors is an issue critical to advancing research, because this could explain an important part of the paramilitaries, which draws largely deserters.
The Fifth Report on the Work of the Department of Defense notes that measures such as change of assignment for medical treatment and the granting of licenses for marriage between the military are factors that have reduced substantially the phenomenon of desertion among the troops.
"With the measures described above, were allowed to strengthen and increase the morale and esprit de corps of Staff of the armed institution, and helps build their sense of identity, which is demonstrated by the decrease the dropout rate, where the average of the past administration deserters was 17 000 859 cases, which compared with 2 000 929 cases in 2011 represents a decrease over 83 percent, "the statement said.
Yes … but not
Faced with facts like the federal government of Veracruz has recognized implicitly, through Interior Secretary Francisco Blake, the existence of paramilitary groups, at least in the case of operations to destroy the Zetas, said Monreal.
Blake’s words in response to video that "Matazetas" went to Youtube attributed the kidnapping and execution of the alleged Zetas tossed on September 20, hours before making the XI National Meeting of Chief Justices of Justice and Attorneys Justice of the country in Boca del Rio, Veracruz.
The interior minister cited an unexpected press conference on September 27 in which to establish the federal government’s position on the emergence of the group of annihilation against the Zetas, recognized the existence of these organizations by stating that "any other expression outside the law "seeks to become a fighter of crime lacks the necessary legitimacy, regardless of cause or motivation, will face the strength of the state."
On 28 September, the spokesperson of the Presidency of the Republic in matters of national security, Alejandra Sota, said that no paramilitary groups in Mexico and that "Matazetas" are nothing but killers in war against other cartels rival gunmen.
The emergence of this group of performers in videos that claimed the execution and placement of the bodies of at least 35 people in the main tourist area of the port of Veracruz, was heard by the presidential security spokeswoman part of the dispute between criminal organizations to achieve the most coveted control of the passage of drugs, weapons, people, money, goods and legal trade in the Gulf area.
Is that not the appearance of a paramilitary group, Alejandra Sota said at a press conference and then in separate interviews to clarify the point of view of Los Pinos on the subject.
The mayor and his Rough
The paramilitary groups created under the auspices of officials of any of the three levels of government or by other social actors have performed at times under the complacent gaze of the authorities themselves until their performance is cut from pit, as it did in 2010 Mexico’s Navy in the Municipality of San Pedro Garza Garcia, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, by arresting members of the Hard or Tough Group, created in 2009 by the PAN mayor Mauricio Fernández Garza.
This group appears in the research conducted by Senator Ricardo Monreal to document the existence of paramilitary activity in Mexico. On September 28, 2009 the mayor of San Pedro Garza Garcia ahead, in an interview with Millennium, the creation of a municipal intelligence would be responsible for combating organized crime and cleaning up the town in about six months.
After that time, said Mauricio Fernandez, "kidnappings, extortions and levantones (people picked up from the streets by criminal gangs using the force) be history." To achieve these goals, the Russian spy gear purchase, put in place a policing, create databases of taxi drivers, domestic staff and all real estate transactions.
For the main course to tackle crime head-on, the PAN announced no details, creating a "command tough" to handle "complicated things."
The command, known later as the Group Rudo (Tough Group) or Grupo Duro (Hard Group), entered immediately into operations. On 31 October of that year he appeared in Mexico City the body of a man executed inside a vehicle. He was tied with duct tape, had apparently been strangled to death and murdered along with three companions.
The run was Hector "The Black" Saldaña Perales, identified as the main operator of the cartel of the Beltran Leyva brothers in Monterrey and who ranked as one of the most active kidnappers in the town of San Pedro Garza Garcia.
Their bodies were in a Chevrolet Equinox SUV, parked at the corner of Rocha and Peripheral General Bras west, near the official residence of Los Pinos. The truck was found about five o’clock.
That same day, four hours before the ceremony of his inauguration as the city authorities and initiated the first research to find out who were the people executed on board a vehicle with plates of Nuevo León (SGV-4591, on behalf of Karla Ivonne Ramos de la Garza), the PAN mayor announced to reporters the details of the finding in the capital.
Look, I tell you just happen in Mexico City, then said data confirm that the Federal District Judicial Police know.
The news spread quickly and thus it became known that the newly installed mayor had information that nobody else had. How did you hear? Who passed the information? Asked later.
Fernández Garza tried to explain how he knew the details of the multiple execution awarded to the Nuevo Leon state government information. On Wednesday, November 4 Governor Rodrigo Medina denied the local and national media have had any details about the death of Hector Saldana and his companions, much less having to provide any information the mayor of San Pedro Garza.
The case attracted PGR and cited four times Fernandez Garza as a witness to testify about his statements and how they were aware of details that the police forces and the prosecution did not know yet.
The execution was issued by Black Saldaña Mauricio Fernández Garza four hours before the Federal District authorities in the first report of the discovery of the bodies without even knowing who it was.
In late 2009, the Navy stepped up its operations in Mexico Nuevo León, particularly in the municipality of San Pedro Garza Garcia, not only following up the activity of the Sinaloa cartel, the Zetas and the Gulf, but also the Group Rudo created by the PAN mayor.
Between June and August 2010 the Navy conducted two relevant operations in San Pedro Garza, which captured eight people linked to the Beltran Leyva cartel and Rudo Group. One of those arrested was Rafael Valdés Aviñaga (a) "La Pantera", leader of the command that the mayor fought organized crime in the municipality.
At the insistence of a group of senators led by Ricardo Monreal for details on the existence of paramilitary groups in the country, the Attorney General in November 2010 responded to a letter sent by legislators to deny the existence of such organizations in the country.
On 28 September, the governor of Nuevo León, Rodrigo Medina, also rejected the existence of paramilitary groups in your organization, this video after the appearance of the Matazetas when you offer the public apology for throwing the bodies of suspected Zetas the tourist area of the port of Veracruz and said it will execute the rival cartel members.
Asked about the two official positions, Senator Ricardo Monreal smiled faintly recalling the words of Secretary of the Interior Francis Blake and ensure that what is said by the officer in his speech on day 28 only confirms that the paramilitary groups exist.
"So much so that the Attorney General and others have already opened preliminary inquiries about them. If these groups had not initiate inquiries why? "Monreal added.
One is the (previous investigation) AP/PGR/SIEDO/UEIDCS/282/2010, cited by the Navy in its press release 154/2010.
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