On January 26,1950,India cut her last ties with Britain and became a republic.Dr.Rajendra Prasad became the first president of India.
BBC Radio reported the historic event in this way:
The independent republic of India is officially born today, after nearly 100 years of British rule. A public holiday has been declared throughout the country, and millions of people have been celebrating with processions and ceremonies to hoist the new flag of India for the first time. India has been running her own affairs since the actual transfer of power from British to Indian hands on 15 August 1947. But today's ceremonies mark the cutting of her last ties to Britain. India's first president has been sworn in, replacing the King as the country's head of state, and the new constitution ratified. In the capital, Delhi, the day began with the 34th and last Governor-General of India, Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, reading out a proclamation announcing the birth of the Republic of India.
The new President, Dr Rajendra Prasad, then took the oath of office.
Dr Prasad was a key campaigner in the nationalist movement of Mahatma Gandhi, along with India's interim Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
The president then addressed the crowd first in Hindi, and then in English.
"Today, for the first time in our long and chequered history," he said, "we find the whole of this vast land... brought together under the jurisdiction of one constitution and one union which takes over responsibility for the welfare of more than 320 million men and women who inhabit it."
Dr Prasad then drove through the streets in his state coach, greeted by thousands of people along the way.
The day is celebrated all over India.India celebrates the implementation of the Indian Constitution in 1950 and celebrations begin by hoisting the national flag, and followed by military and cultural parade which starts on Raisina Hill (Rastrapati Bhavan) in New Delhi and ends at Red Fort.