The poor security situation is caused by fighting between the government’s forces that are backed by Ethiopia and the Islamist rebels. Fighting has been concentrated in the capital of Somalia, Mogadishu. The fighting has forced thousands from their homes.
About sixty percent of the residents in Mogadishu have left their homes. That includes the two-hundred thousand residents this month after the more recent clashes between the insurgents and government forces. John Holmes, the humanitarian affairs chief has that that there is a serious humanitarian situation in Somalia.
An African Union force was not able to stem the violence due to its current weakness. Eight-thousand were planned to be sent out to Somalia. However, the country has only received 1,600 Ugandan peacekeepers which are part of that eight-thousand.
Ever since President Mohamed Siad Barre was overthrown in 1991, the country has not had a functioning central government.