Kohat August 20:
USA is not only a melting pot of civilizations but pragmatism of its citizens has also submerged various ideologies to reap the benefits from conflicting ideas. FDR was elected for four consecutive terms to incorporate socialistic measures to provide economic cover to unemployed and disadvantaged citizens in USA. Soon after the second world war capitalism in its pure form was left by US political leadership and socialistic measures were adopted despite of resistance from US Supreme Court during the fourth term of President FDR, which was gradually faded away during fourth term of FDR.
The intense ideological conflict between Communist and Capitalist countries have militarized the world, West European democracies and East European countries lead by Soviet Union after second world war, behind the iron curtain communist bloc countries along with their authoritarian regimes were unwilling to develop an economic and political system based on fundamental freedoms and rights of their citizens. The good aspect of communism was its social welfare measures like fulfillment of basic needs of the citizens by government. That aspect of communism was quite appealing and was compatible with almost all the religious beliefs obviously no religion allows genocide of the people whether it is economic or physical in nature. The difference in ideologies was a source of conflict and thus speedy inventions of arms of mass destruction and endless arms race between Soviet and western bloc countries were started soon after the Second World War.
Whether it was Adam Smith or Karl Marx both have consumed their energies to come up with economic system beneficial for the human beings, the difference between them was upon the mod of government; capitalism gives more political and economic freedoms and provides for lesser role of government. Communism completely takes over national resources of a country by government and keeps the people confined in their communes with fulfilled basic needs.
In quest to create a political system devoid of tyranny and oppression political philosophers and leaders have created different ideologies, the communist revolution in Soviet Union was against the Monarchy and Feudal lords whom have enslaved the Russian citizens, and have brought them down to the level of animals, as highlighted by Tolstoy in his novel War and Peace. But then Communist party rule has become an oppressive force bent upon exporting its ideology to rest of the world while denying political, economic and religious freedoms to its own populace.
Success of USA as democratic country reflects the wisdom of its civil and military leadership, two hundred years ago General George Washington and other participants of convention gathered to create a constitution which can provide ample safeguards against the tyranny and oppression, and to create a system of checks and balances which can abstain government organs from becoming oppressive, and to check the tyranny of majority too.
To save the world environment, and to reverse the harmful effects upon environment caused by nuclear arms race, the world leaders if recognizes the importance of American pragmatism, and become willing to change their priorities with changing needs of the times and opens their brains for acceptance of ideas beneficial for humanity at large, the existing economic crisis prevailing around the world will be also diminished.
M.phil US Study (International Relation-History)
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